Efectos de los microplásticos en el medio ambiente: Un macroproblema emergente

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Lisandro Diego Giraldez Alvarez
Fernanda Braz de Jesus
Ana Paula Lacerda Costa
Letícia Evelyn Ferraz Bastos
Daniel Arthur Moura De Souza
Douglas Gonçalves da Silva

Resumen

Como material liviano, duradero, versátil y potencialmente transparente, los plásticos son ideales para una variedad de aplicaciones. Sin embargo, se producen alrededor de 300 millones de toneladas de plástico por año, de las cuales 13 millones llegan a ríos y océanos lo que puede causar daños irreparables a esos ecosistemas y afectar organismos con capacidad limitada de adaptación. Se estima que hasta el momento se han producido 8300 millones de toneladas métricas (TM) de plástico, de las cuales 6300 TM se han transformado en desechos a partir de 2015, y solo el 9% fueron reciclados. El riesgo que pueden representar los microplásticos para la salud humana aún no es un problema definido, pero existen numerosas evidencias de los impactos negativos del plástico y sus desechos, los microplásticos y nanoplásticos, ingeridos por organismos de diversos ecosistemas. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo fue llevar a cabo una investigación bibliográfica sobre el estado actual del conocimiento sobre los microplásticos y sus impactos en el medio ambiente, especialmente en ambientes acuáticos.

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Giraldez Alvarez, L. D., Braz de Jesus, F., Lacerda Costa, A. P., Ferraz Bastos, L. E., Moura De Souza, D. A., & Gonçalves da Silva, D. (2020). Efectos de los microplásticos en el medio ambiente: Un macroproblema emergente. Revista De Ciencia Y Tecnología, 33(1), 100-107. https://doi.org/10.36995/j.recyt.2020.33.013
Sección
Ingeniería, Tecnología e Informática
Biografía del autor/a

Lisandro Diego Giraldez Alvarez, Laboratório de Bioquímica. Departamento de Ciências Naturais (DCN). Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB).

Licenciado em Química pela Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA); doutor em Ciências Fisiológicas pela Universidade de Buenos Aires (UBA); pós-doutorado em Neurociência pela Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM); pós-doutorado em Neurociência Instituto Cajal de Madrid; pós-doutorado Universidade Federal da Bahia (UBA); Professor no Departamento de Ciências Naturais (DCN). Universidade Estadual do Sudeste da Bahia (UESB), Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brasil.

Douglas Gonçalves da Silva, Laboratório de Química Analítica e Ambiental. Departamento de Ciências Naturais (DCN). Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB). ESTRADA DO BEM QUERER, KM 4, BAIRRO UNIVERSITÁRIO, VITORIA DA CONQUISTA, Bahia, CEP: 45031-300. Brasil.

Graduado em Química pela Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, possui Mestrado em Química Analítica pela Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia e Doutorado em Química Analítica pela Universidade Federal da Bahia, com período Sandwich na Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca - Espanha. Realizou estágio de Pós-Doutoramento na Universidade Federal da Bahia e atualmente é professor Adjunto e pesquisador na Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, campus de Vitória da Conquista. Coordena o Grupo de Pesquisa em Química Analítica e Ambiental (GPQAA)

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